Business operations

Brazil - niobium and phosphates

Operating niobium and phosphate mines in Brazil

CMOC is the second largest producer in the world and the third largest producer of phosphate fertilizers in Brazil. It owns Copebras Indústria Ltda. (CIL) and Niobras Mineração Ltda. (NML) in Brazil. CIL engages in every sector of the phosphate industry and adopts the open-pit mining method. It mainly produces high-analysis phosphatic fertilizers (MAP and GTSP), low-analysis phosphatic fertilizers (such as SSG and SSP powders), cattle feed supplements (DCP), intermediate products like phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid (mainly for self-use) , and byproducts (gypsum and hexafluorosilicic acid). NML focuses on mining and processing of niobium with ferroniobium as its major product. NML mainly processes niobium through crushing, screening, concentration, leaching and smelting. It produced 7,489 tonnes of niobium and 1,097,623 tonnes of high-analysis and low-analysis phosphatic fertilizers.

Recent highlights: 


  • Obvious resource advantages with huge prospects for exploration and development; High potential for comprehensive recovery of polymetallic associated resources;
  • The operations benefit from Brazil's agricultural sector and produce the rare metal for industrial upgrading; 
  • Inspired by Chinese leading beneficiation technology, we are committed to comprehensively improving the whole process and achieving technological breakthroughs;
  • Progress has been made to reduce costs and improve efficiency and niobium recovery rate through technological upgrading and comprehensive resource recovery.

       To learn more about our niobium and phosphate business in Brazil, please visit: